Spring Authorization Server OAuth2授权服务器配置详解

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前两篇文章分别体验了Spring Authorization Server的使用。今天来讲讲Spring Authorization Server授权服务器的配置。强烈建议自己手动搭建一次试试,纸上得来终觉浅,深知此事要躬行。提升你的代码量才是提高编程技能的不二法门,这也是本篇教程的意义所在。同时也希望多多点赞,转发,多多支持作者原创分享。

配置依赖

首先要创建一个Spring Boot Servlet Web项目,这个不难就不赘述了。集成Spring Authorization Server需要引入:

<!--  spring security starter 必须  -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-security-oauth2-authorization-server</artifactId>
<version>0.2.0</version> <!-- 截至现在版本 -->
</dependency>

OAuth2.0 Client客户端需要注册到授权服务器并持久化,Spring Authorization Server提供了JDBC实现,参见JdbcRegisteredClientRepository。为了演示方便这里我采用了H2数据库,需要以下依赖:

<!--  jdbc 必须引入否则自行实现  -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-jdbc</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>com.h2database</groupId>
<artifactId>h2</artifactId>
</dependency>

生产你可以切换到其它关系型数据库,数据库脚本在Spring Authorization Server的使用一文的DEMO中。

Spring Authorization Server配置

接下来是Spring Authorization Server的配置。

过滤器链配置

根据上一文对过滤器链的拆解,我们需要在Spring Security的过滤器链中注入一些特定的过滤器。这些过滤器的配置由OAuth2AuthorizationServerConfigurer来完成。以下为默认的配置:

void defaultOAuth2AuthorizationServerConfigurer(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
OAuth2AuthorizationServerConfigurer<HttpSecurity> authorizationServerConfigurer =
new OAuth2AuthorizationServerConfigurer<>();
// TODO 你可以根据需求对authorizationServerConfigurer进行一些个性化配置
RequestMatcher authorizationServerEndpointsMatcher = authorizationServerConfigurer.getEndpointsMatcher();

// 拦截 授权服务器相关的请求端点
http.requestMatcher(authorizationServerEndpointsMatcher)
.authorizeRequests().anyRequest().authenticated().and()
// 忽略掉相关端点的csrf
.csrf(csrf -> csrf.ignoringRequestMatchers(authorizationServerEndpointsMatcher))
// 开启form登录
.formLogin()
.and()
// 应用 授权服务器的配置
.apply(authorizationServerConfigurer);
}

你可以调用OAuth2AuthorizationServerConfigurer提供的配置方法进行一些个性化配置。

OAuth2.0客户端信息持久化

这些信息会持久化到数据库,Spring Authorization Server提供了三个DDL脚本。在入门教程Spring Authorization Server的使用的DEMO,H2会自动初始化执行这些DDL脚本,如果你切换到Mysql等数据库,可能需要你自行执行。

客户端配置信息注册

授权服务器要求客户端必须是已经注册的,避免非法的客户端发起授权申请。就像你平常去一些开放平台申请一个ClientIDSecret。下面是定义脚本:

CREATE TABLE oauth2_registered_client
(
id varchar(100) NOT NULL,
client_id varchar(100) NOT NULL,
client_id_issued_at timestamp DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP NOT NULL,
client_secret varchar(200) NULL,
client_secret_expires_at timestamp NULL,
client_name varchar(200) NOT NULL,
client_authentication_methods varchar(1000) NOT NULL,
authorization_grant_types varchar(1000) NOT NULL,
redirect_uris varchar(1000) NULL,
scopes varchar(1000) NOT NULL,
client_settings varchar(2000) NOT NULL,
token_settings varchar(2000) NOT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (id)
);

对应的Java类为RegisteredClient:

public class RegisteredClient implements Serializable {

private static final long serialVersionUID = Version.SERIAL_VERSION_UID;
private String id;
private String clientId;
private Instant clientIdIssuedAt;
private String clientSecret;
private Instant clientSecretExpiresAt;
private String clientName;
private Set<ClientAuthenticationMethod> clientAuthenticationMethods;
private Set<AuthorizationGrantType> authorizationGrantTypes;
private Set<String> redirectUris;
private Set<String> scopes;
private ClientSettings clientSettings;
private TokenSettings tokenSettings;

// 省略
}

定义一个客户端可以通过下面的Builder方法实现:

RegisteredClient registeredClient = RegisteredClient.withId(UUID.randomUUID().toString())
// 唯一的客户端ID和密码
.clientId("felord-client")
.clientSecret("secret")
// 名称 可不定义
.clientName("felord")
// 授权方法
.clientAuthenticationMethod(ClientAuthenticationMethod.CLIENT_SECRET_BASIC)
// 授权类型
.authorizationGrantType(AuthorizationGrantType.AUTHORIZATION_CODE)
.authorizationGrantType(AuthorizationGrantType.REFRESH_TOKEN)
.authorizationGrantType(AuthorizationGrantType.CLIENT_CREDENTIALS)
// 回调地址名单,不在此列将被拒绝 而且只能使用IP或者域名 不能使用 localhost
.redirectUri("http://127.0.0.1:8080/login/oauth2/code/felord-oidc")
.redirectUri("http://127.0.0.1:8080/authorized")
.redirectUri("http://127.0.0.1:8080/foo/bar")
.redirectUri("https://baidu.com")
// OIDC支持
.scope(OidcScopes.OPENID)
// 其它Scope
.scope("message.read")
.scope("message.write")
// JWT的配置项 包括TTL 是否复用refreshToken等等
.tokenSettings(TokenSettings.builder().build())
// 配置客户端相关的配置项,包括验证密钥或者 是否需要授权页面
.clientSettings(ClientSettings.builder().requireAuthorizationConsent(true).build())
.build();

持久化到数据库的RegisteredClient用JSON表示为:

{
"id": "658cd010-4d8c-4824-a8c7-a86b642299af",
"client_id": "felord-client",
"client_id_issued_at": "2021-11-11 18:01:09",
"client_secret": "{bcrypt}$2a$10$XKZ8iUckDcdQWnqw682zV.DVyGuov8Sywx1KyAn4tySsw.Jtltg0.",
"client_secret_expires_at": null,
"client_name": "felord",
"client_authentication_methods": "client_secret_basic",
"authorization_grant_types": "refresh_token,client_credentials,authorization_code",
"redirect_uris": "http://127.0.0.1:8080/foo/bar,http://127.0.0.1:8080/authorized,http://127.0.0.1:8080/login/oauth2/code/felord-oidc,https://baidu.com",
"scopes": "openid,message.read,message.write",
"client_settings": "{\"@class\":\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableMap\",\"settings.client.require-proof-key\":false,\"settings.client.require-authorization-consent\":true}",
"token_settings": "{\"@class\":\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableMap\",\"settings.token.reuse-refresh-tokens\":true,\"settings.token.id-token-signature-algorithm\":[\"org.springframework.security.oauth2.jose.jws.SignatureAlgorithm\",\"RS256\"],\"settings.token.access-token-time-to-live\":[\"java.time.Duration\",300.000000000],\"settings.token.refresh-token-time-to-live\":[\"java.time.Duration\",3600.000000000]}"
}

注意上面的配置和你OAuth2.0客户端应用的配置息息相关。

既然持久化了,那自然需要操作该表的JDBC服务接口了,这个接口为RegisteredClientRepository。我们需要声明一个实现为Spring Bean,这里选择基于JDBC的实现:

@Bean
public RegisteredClientRepository registeredClientRepository(JdbcTemplate jdbcTemplate) {
return new JdbcRegisteredClientRepository(jdbcTemplate);
}

别忘记调用save(RegisteredClient)方法把需要注册的客户端信息持久化。

该实现依赖spring-boot-starter-jdbc类库,你也可以闲得慌使用Mybatis进行实现。

OAuth2授权信息持久化

记录授权的资源拥有者(Resource Owner)对某个客户端的某次授权记录。对应的Java类为OAuth2Authorization。下面是定义脚本:

CREATE TABLE oauth2_authorization
(
id varchar(100) NOT NULL,
registered_client_id varchar(100) NOT NULL,
principal_name varchar(200) NOT NULL,
authorization_grant_type varchar(100) NOT NULL,
attributes varchar(4000) NULL,
state varchar(500) NULL,
authorization_code_value blob NULL,
`authorization_code_issued_at` timestamp NULL,
authorization_code_expires_at timestamp NULL,
authorization_code_metadata varchar(2000) NULL,
access_token_value blob NULL,
access_token_issued_at timestamp NULL,
access_token_expires_at timestamp NULL,
access_token_metadata varchar(2000) NULL,
access_token_type varchar(100) NULL,
access_token_scopes varchar(1000) NULL,
oidc_id_token_value blob NULL,
oidc_id_token_issued_at timestamp NULL,
oidc_id_token_expires_at timestamp NULL,
oidc_id_token_metadata varchar(2000) NULL,
refresh_token_value blob NULL,
refresh_token_issued_at timestamp NULL,
refresh_token_expires_at timestamp NULL,
refresh_token_metadata varchar(2000) NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (id)
);

这里的机制目前还没有研究,先挖个坑。

同样它也需要一个持久化服务接口OAuth2AuthorizationService并注入Spring IoC

/**
* 管理OAuth2授权信息服务
*
* @param jdbcTemplate the jdbc template
* @param registeredClientRepository the registered client repository
* @return the o auth 2 authorization service
*/
@Bean
public OAuth2AuthorizationService authorizationService(JdbcTemplate jdbcTemplate, RegisteredClientRepository registeredClientRepository) {
return new JdbcOAuth2AuthorizationService(jdbcTemplate, registeredClientRepository);
}

持久化到数据库的OAuth2Authorization用JSON表示为:

{
"id": "aa2f6e7d-d9b9-4360-91ef-118cbb6d4b09",
"registered_client_id": "658cd010-4d8c-4824-a8c7-a86b642299af",
"principal_name": "felord",
"authorization_grant_type": "authorization_code",
"attributes": "{\"@class\":\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableMap\",\"org.springframework.security.oauth2.core.endpoint.OAuth2AuthorizationRequest\":{\"@class\":\"org.springframework.security.oauth2.core.endpoint.OAuth2AuthorizationRequest\",\"authorizationUri\":\"http://localhost:9000/oauth2/authorize\",\"authorizationGrantType\":{\"value\":\"authorization_code\"},\"responseType\":{\"value\":\"code\"},\"clientId\":\"felord-client\",\"redirectUri\":\"http://127.0.0.1:8080/foo/bar\",\"scopes\":[\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableSet\",[\"message.read\",\"message.write\"]],\"state\":\"9gTcVNXgV8Pn_Ron3bkFb6M92AYCodeWKoEd6xxaiUg=\",\"additionalParameters\":{\"@class\":\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableMap\"},\"authorizationRequestUri\":\"http://localhost:9000/oauth2/authorize?response_type=code&client_id=felord-client&scope=message.read%20message.write&state=9gTcVNXgV8Pn_Ron3bkFb6M92AYCodeWKoEd6xxaiUg%3D&redirect_uri=http://127.0.0.1:8080/foo/bar\",\"attributes\":{\"@class\":\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableMap\"}},\"java.security.Principal\":{\"@class\":\"org.springframework.security.authentication.UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken\",\"authorities\":[\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableRandomAccessList\",[{\"@class\":\"org.springframework.security.core.authority.SimpleGrantedAuthority\",\"authority\":\"ROLE_USER\"}]],\"details\":{\"@class\":\"org.springframework.security.web.authentication.WebAuthenticationDetails\",\"remoteAddress\":\"0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1\",\"sessionId\":\"FD624F1AD55A2418CC9815A86AA32696\"},\"authenticated\":true,\"principal\":{\"@class\":\"org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.User\",\"password\":null,\"username\":\"felord\",\"authorities\":[\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableSet\",[{\"@class\":\"org.springframework.security.core.authority.SimpleGrantedAuthority\",\"authority\":\"ROLE_USER\"}]],\"accountNonExpired\":true,\"accountNonLocked\":true,\"credentialsNonExpired\":true,\"enabled\":true},\"credentials\":null},\"org.springframework.security.oauth2.server.authorization.OAuth2Authorization.AUTHORIZED_SCOPE\":[\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableSet\",[\"message.read\",\"message.write\"]]}",
"state": null,
"authorization_code_value": "EZFxDcsKoaGtyqRTS0oNMg85EcVcyLdVssuD3SV-o0FvNXsSTRjTmCdu0ZPZnVIQ7K4TTSzrvLwBqoRXOigo_dWVNeqE44LjHHL_KtujM_Mxz8hLZgGhtfipvTdpWWR1",
"authorization_code_issued_at": "2021-11-11 18:44:45",
"authorization_code_expires_at": "2021-11-11 18:49:45",
"authorization_code_metadata": "{\"@class\":\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableMap\",\"metadata.token.invalidated\":true}",
"access_token_value": "eyJ4NXQjUzI1NiI6IlZGR1F4Q21nSEloX2dhRi13UGIxeEM5b0tBMXc1bGEwRUZtcXFQTXJxbXciLCJraWQiOiJmZWxvcmRjbiIsImFsZyI6IlJTMjU2In0.eyJzdWIiOiJmZWxvcmQiLCJhdWQiOiJmZWxvcmQtY2xpZW50IiwibmJmIjoxNjM2NjI3NDg0LCJzY29wZSI6WyJtZXNzYWdlLnJlYWQiLCJtZXNzYWdlLndyaXRlIl0sImlzcyI6Imh0dHA6XC9cL2xvY2FsaG9zdDo5MDAwIiwiZXhwIjoxNjM2NjI3Nzg0LCJpYXQiOjE2MzY2Mjc0ODR9.CFzye9oIh8-ZMpyp9XoIXIQLnj2Sn17yZ9bgn7NYAbrp2hRq-Io_Se2SJpSEMa_Ce44aOGmcLTmIOILYUxlU08QCtHgr4UfCZttzroQhEn3Qui7fixBMprPYqxmu2KL5G_l3q5EWyh4G0ilHpByCBDeBGAl7FpaxSDlelnBfNGs9q6nJCs7aC40U_YPBRLoCBLVK1Y8t8kQvNu8NqCkS5D5DZAogpmlVg7jSIPz1UXVIh7iDTTQ1wJl6rZ1E87E0UroX4eSuYfMQ351y65IUlB14hvKhu03yDLTiVKtujOo3m0DAkJTbk3ZkFZEmDf4N3Yn-ktU7cyswQWa1bKf3og",
"access_token_issued_at": "2021-11-11 18:44:45",
"access_token_expires_at": "2021-11-11 18:49:45",
"access_token_metadata": "{\"@class\":\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableMap\",\"metadata.token.claims\":{\"@class\":\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableMap\",\"sub\":\"felord\",\"aud\":[\"java.util.Collections$SingletonList\",[\"felord-client\"]],\"nbf\":[\"java.time.Instant\",1636627484.674000000],\"scope\":[\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableSet\",[\"message.read\",\"message.write\"]],\"iss\":[\"java.net.URL\",\"http://localhost:9000\"],\"exp\":[\"java.time.Instant\",1636627784.674000000],\"iat\":[\"java.time.Instant\",1636627484.674000000]},\"metadata.token.invalidated\":false}",
"access_token_type": "Bearer",
"access_token_scopes": "message.read,message.write",
"oidc_id_token_value": null,
"oidc_id_token_issued_at": null,
"oidc_id_token_expires_at": null,
"oidc_id_token_metadata": null,
"refresh_token_value": "hbD9dVMpu855FhDDOYapwsQSx8zO9iPX5LUZKeXWzUcbE2rgYRV-sgXl5vGwyByLNljcqVyK9Pgquzbcoe6dkt0_yPQPJfxLY8ezEQ-QREBjxNYqecd6OI9SHMQkBObG",
"refresh_token_issued_at": "2021-11-11 18:44:45",
"refresh_token_expires_at": "2021-11-11 19:44:45",
"refresh_token_metadata": "{\"@class\":\"java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableMap\",\"metadata.token.invalidated\":false}"
}

存储的东西还是比较全的,甚至把Java类都序列化了。

确认授权持久化

资源拥有者(Resource Owner)对授权的确认信息OAuth2AuthorizationConsent的持久化,这个比较简单。下面是定义脚本:

CREATE TABLE oauth2_authorization_consent
(
registered_client_id varchar(100) NOT NULL,
principal_name varchar(200) NOT NULL,
authorities varchar(1000) NOT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (registered_client_id, principal_name)
);

对应的持久化服务接口为OAuth2AuthorizationConsentService,也要注入Spring IoC:

@Bean
public OAuth2AuthorizationConsentService authorizationConsentService(JdbcTemplate jdbcTemplate, RegisteredClientRepository registeredClientRepository) {
return new JdbcOAuth2AuthorizationConsentService(jdbcTemplate, registeredClientRepository);
}

持久化到数据库的OAuth2AuthorizationConsent用JSON表示为:

{
"registered_client_id": "658cd010-4d8c-4824-a8c7-a86b642299af",
"principal_name": "felord",
"authorities": "SCOPE_message.read,SCOPE_message.write"
}

JWK

JWK全称JSON Web Key,是一个将加密的密钥用JSON对象描述的规范,和JWT一样是JOSE规范的重要组成部分。规范的详细定义可参考JWK文档。JWK参考示例:

{
"keys": [
{
"kty": "RSA",
"x5t#S256": "VFGQxCmgHIh_gaF-wPb1xC9oKA1w5la0EFmqqPMrqmw",
"e": "AQAB",
"kid": "felordcn",
"x5c": [
"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"
],
"n": "go0TPk1td7iROmmLcGbOsZ2F68kTertDwRyk-leqBl-qyJAkjoVgVaCRRQHZmvu_YGp93vOaEd_zFdVj_rFvMXmwBxgYPOeSG0bHkYtFBaUiLf1vhW5lyiPHcGide3uw1p-il3JNiOpcnLCbAKZgzm4qaugeuOD02_M0YcMW2Jqg3SUWpC-9vu9yt5dVc1xpmpwEAamKzvynI3Zxl44ddlA8RRAS6kV0OUcKbEG63G3yZ4MHnhrFrZDuvlwfSSgn0wFOC_b6mJ-bUxByMAXKD0d4DS2B2mVl7RO5AzL4SFcqtZZE3Drtcli67bsENyOQeoTVaKO6gu5PEEFlQ7pHKw"
}
]
}

JWK的意义在于生成JWT和提供JWK端点给OAuth2.0资源服务器解码校验JWT

公私钥

JWK会涉及到加密算法,这里使用RSASHA256算法来作为加密算法,并通过Keytool工具来生成.jks公私钥证书文件。当然你也可以通过openssl来生成pkcs12格式的证书。在Spring Security实战干货中已经对生成的方法进行了说明,这里不再赘述。

JWKSource

由于Spring Security的JOSE实现依赖的是nimbus-jose-jwt,所以这里只需要我们实现JWKSource并注入Spring IoC即可。相关代码如下:

    /**
* 加载JWK资源
*
* @return the jwk source
*/
@SneakyThrows
@Bean
public JWKSource<SecurityContext> jwkSource() {
//TODO 这里优化到配置
// 证书的路径
String path = "felordcn.jks";
// 证书别名
String alias = "felordcn";
// keystore 密码
String pass = "123456";

ClassPathResource resource = new ClassPathResource(path);
KeyStore jks = KeyStore.getInstance("jks");
// KeyStore pkcs12 = KeyStore.getInstance("pkcs12");
char[] pin = pass.toCharArray();
jks.load(resource.getInputStream(), pin);
RSAKey rsaKey = RSAKey.load(jks, alias, pin);

JWKSet jwkSet = new JWKSet(rsaKey);
return (jwkSelector, securityContext) -> jwkSelector.select(jwkSet);
}

授权服务器元信息配置

客户端信息RegisteredClient包含了Token的配置项TokenSettings和客户端配置项ClientSettings。授权服务器本身也提供了一个配置工具来配置其元信息,大多数我们都使用默认配置即可,唯一需要配置的其实只有授权服务器的地址issuer,在DEMO中虽然我使用localhost:9000issuer没有什么问题,但是在生产中这个地方应该配置为域名

/**
* 配置 OAuth2.0 provider元信息
*
* @return the provider settings
*/
@Bean
public ProviderSettings providerSettings(@Value("${server.port}") Integer port) {
//TODO 生产应该使用域名
return ProviderSettings.builder().issuer("http://localhost:" + port).build();
}

你可以修改本地的hosts文件试试用域名。

到这里Spring Authorization Server的配置就完成了,但是整个授权服务器的配置还没有完成。

授权服务器安全配置

上面是授权服务器本身的配置,授权服务器本身的安全配置是另外一条过滤器链承担的,我们也要对它进行一些配置,都是常规的Spring Security配置,这里给一个简单的配置,也是DEMO中的配置:

@EnableWebSecurity(debug = true)
public class DefaultSecurityConfig {

// @formatter:off
@Bean
SecurityFilterChain defaultSecurityFilterChain(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
http.authorizeRequests(authorizeRequests ->
authorizeRequests.anyRequest().authenticated()
)
.formLogin();
return http.build();
}
// @formatter:on

/**
* 在内存中抽象一个Spring Security安全用户{@link User},同时该用户也是Resource Owner;
* 实际开发中需要持久化到数据库。
*
* @return the user details service
*/
// @formatter:off
@Bean
UserDetailsService users() {
UserDetails user = User.builder()
.username("felord")
.password("password")
.passwordEncoder(PasswordEncoderFactories.createDelegatingPasswordEncoder()::encode)
.roles("USER")
.build();
return new InMemoryUserDetailsManager(user);
}
// @formatter:on


/**
* 开放一些端点的访问控制。
*
* 如果你使用了一些依赖这些端点的程序,比如Consul健康检查;
* 打开H2数据库web控制台访问控制,方便你查看数据具体看配置文件说明。
*
* @return the web security customizer
*/
@Bean
WebSecurityCustomizer webSecurityCustomizer() {
return web -> web.ignoring().antMatchers("/actuator/health","/h2-console/**");
}
}

到这里一个基于Spring Authorization Server的授权服务器就搭建好了。下一篇我们将实现OAuth2.0的登录功能,敬请期待。

解惑

为什么一个项目配置了两个甚至多个SecurityFilterChain?

之所以有两个SecurityFilterChain是因为程序设计要保证职责单一,无论是底层架构还是业务代码,为此HttpSecurity被以基于原型(prototype)的Spring Bean注入Spring IoC。针对本应用中的两条过滤器链,分别是授权服务器的过滤器链和应用安全的过滤器链,它们之间其实互相没有太多联系。

好了,今天的学习就到这里!如果您学习过程中如遇困难?可以加入我们超高质量的Spring技术交流群,参与交流与讨论,更好的学习与进步!更多Spring Boot教程可以点击直达!,欢迎收藏与转发支持!

本文作者:码农小胖哥,
原文链接:https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/eIYhh1cvGMfA7ancMJ6VeA
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